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What Is the Stock Market and How Does It Work? - JK Securities

What Is the Stock Market and How Does It Work? - JK Securities

What is Share Market?

The share market is a platform where buyers and sellers can transact on publicly listed shares at particular times of the day. Share market and stock market are frequently used interchangeably. However, the main distinction between the two is that, whilst the latter enables you to trade various financial products, such as bonds, derivatives, currencies, etc., the former is only used to trade shares.

India`s two main stock markets are the National Stock Exchange (NSE) and the Bombay Stock Exchange. 

Types of Share Markets

Stock markets can be further classified into two parts: primary markets and secondary markets.

  • Primary Share Markets:

    A firm enters the primary market when it registers for the first time at the stock exchange to raise money through shares. This is known as an Initial Public Offering (IPO), allowing the firm to become publicly registered and allow market participants to trade its shares.
  • Secondary Market:

    New securities that a company issues are exchanged on the secondary stock market after being sold in the primary market. In this situation, investors can purchase and sell shares among themselves at the prevailing market prices. Investors typically carry out these transactions through a broker or other type of facilitator who can streamline the procedure.

What Trades Take Place on the Stock Exchange?

The four categories of financial instruments traded on the stock market are as follows. These consist of:


A share represents an equity ownership stake in a firm. Dividends from whatever profits the firm makes are owed to the shareholders. They also bear the cost of any losses the firm may sustain.


A business needs a sizable amount of cash to start long-term, profitable endeavours. Bond issuance to the general public is one method of raising finance. These bonds signify a "debt" that the company has taken out. Bondholders get prompt interest payments in the form of coupons and are treated as the company`s creditors. The bondholders see these bonds as fixed-income investments. At the end of the specified time, they get interested in their investment in addition to the principal they initially deposited.

Mutual Funds

Mutual funds are well-managed funds that combine the capital of many individuals and invest it in various financial securities. Mutual funds are available for various financial instruments, including debt, equity, and hybrid funds, to mention a few.

Each mutual fund scheme provides units with a set value that is similar to shares. You get a unit in that mutual fund scheme when you invest in such funds. When assets included in that mutual fund scheme generate revenue over time, the revenue is distributed to unit holders in the form of dividend payments or is reflected in the fund`s net asset value.


Security that derives its value from underlying security is referred to as a derivative. This can include many things, including stocks, bonds, currency, commodities, and more! Derivatives buyers and sellers engage in a "betting contract" over the price of an asset because they have differing expectations for how much it will cost in the future.


Today, stock investment is regarded as one of the finest methods for building long-term wealth. Investors may use the stock market to help them reach their long-term financial objectives with a planned investment plan. If you want to generate good wealth from the stock market, JK Securities Pvt ltd is the best stock brokerage company in Gujarat that provides a robust online stock trading app India.

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